Eastern and Southern Africa
mollusks – water insects – small crustaceans
Low water areas
Spawn: 1 – Incubation: 27-31 days
The Lesser Flamingo is the smaller and more numerous of the flamingos.
It lives in large flocks near water. It has a weight of around 2 kg and a height of approximately 1m.
It diets on blue-green algae, crustaceans and mollusks. The color of its plumage varies from white to a variably intense pink depending on the amount of the crustacean Artemia salina and the blue-green algae that the birds eat. Both of these contain carotenoids, pigments that give color to the feathers of this species.
This bird feeds in an unusual manner; it slowly moves in the shallow water continuously moving its beak with the head immersed under water. The beak has a sort of filter that traps the food and lets the water escape.
The Flamingos nest close to big saltwater lakes. They build a cone shaped nest of compact mud around 30cm tall with a concave top in which a single egg is laid. The chicks are born with a white plumage.